The difference between separation and divorce.
When a marriage turns sour there are a number of different ways to handle the problem. Before entering into a divorce many people decide to separate on a trial basis. This is a good way to resolve any outstanding conflicts and move on with your life.
If you do plan to get divorced one day, then it is well-advised to enter into a separation agreement to put the separation in writing, so this can be referred to later during the divorce to prove consent and agreement between both parties.
Most couples will enter into a period of separation before they consider a divorce, and indeed most divorce cases in England and Wales are based on the couple having been separated for at least 2 years prior to the filing of their divorce petition.
This period of separation can be usefully used to iron out differences between the couple, and the UK government is now keen for couples to avoid going to court, by making them attend compulsory mediation information sessions to try and get them to reach agreements, thereby avoiding court, and of course saving the tax payer, the expense of using the court system. It will also save them having to employ solicitors and barristers to fight their case, and the costs that will obviously entail.
The separation agreement makes arrangements for childcare and the division or management of money, property and assets without going to court. Although any arrangements made as part of this informal separation could affect future court decisions. The court may decide to rule against some of the informal arrangements at a later date if they deem them to be unreasonable.
Separation is taken into account as a key factor in divorce judgments. If partners continue to live together during the separation then additional information will need to be provided in order to get a divorce.
A separation agreement lays out the agreements made between separating couples who are going to cease living together.
Having a written agreement in place regarding the conditions of the separation can be useful in verifying what has been agreed between separating couples.
If either partner wants to adjust the conditions of the agreement they can go to court and do so.
You should get a solicitor to help finalise the agreement but negotiating and reaching agreements beforehand can help to reduce costs later on when you decide to divorce.
The court has to take into account any separation agreement reached between the parties. In the event of a dispute, the court is obliged to take the fact there is a separation agreement into account. This is one of the determining factors in any financial dispute and is contained in s.25 Matrimonial Causes Act 1973 ( as amended).
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If you’ve been married for less than a year and are unable to obtain a divorce then an annulment could be the answer. It can also be used if you have a religious background which means you are unable to divorce, but in order to annul a marriage you must prove the marriage is not valid. This could be because you are related, the same sex, under age, already married or not valid for another reason.
The marriage can also be annulled if it wasn’t consummated, if one partner didn’t consent to the wedding, or were forced to, if one partner was carrying a sexually transmitted disease when the marriage took place, or if the woman was carrying another man’s child during the wedding.
Most people end up getting a divorce, rather than an annulment as the procedure is more complicated and time consuming than a divorce, and more difficult to prove. It also involves both parties having to attend a hearing in open court before a circuit judge.
Judicial separation is a legal process, very much like a divorce, but without the finality of a divorce.
With a judicial separation, you can obtain court orders regarding your finances and children and become officially separated.
However you are still married.
This procedure is often used by people of certain religious faiths, who do not believe in divorce, such as the Roman Catholic faith, where divorce is technically illegal except for very limited circumstances.
A Judicial Separation has only one decree opposed to two decrees in a divorce.